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Sub-Saharan Africa


Benin ranks 148 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.


Benin has a Workplace Index score of 5.7, a Marketplace Index score of 5.7 and a Community and Environment Index score of 5.0 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, there are reportedly more than 50 ethnic groups in Benin. The 2013 census gives the main ethnic groups as Fon and related groups (38.4 %); Adja and related groups (15.1 %); Yoruba and related groups (12 %); Bariba and related groups (9.6 %); Peul and related groups (8.6 %); Gua/Ottamari and related groups (6.1 %); Yoa-Lokpa and related groups (4.3 %) and Dendi and related groups (2.9 %). There are 52 registered national languages, of which the main are French (official), Fon, Yoruba, Bariba and Fulani. The 2013 census found that 48.5 % of the population was Christian (the largest proportion of these – one quarter – are Roman Catholic); 27.7 % Muslim (mainly Sunni); 11.6 % Voodoo (although many who reported as Christian or Muslim also practice Voodoo or other traditional beliefs); 2.6 % indigenous religious groups; and 2.6 % other religious groups.

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 3 % in the subregion Sub-Saharan Africa.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Benin ranks 78 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch

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