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Central African Republic

Sub-Saharan Africa


The Central African Republic ranks 159 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.


The Central African Republic has a Workplace Index score of 7.2, a Marketplace Index score of 5.3 and a Community and Environment Index score of 8.6 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the main minorities and indigenous peoples in the Central African Republic are Gbaya (33 %), Banda (27 %), Mandjia (13 %), Sara (10 %), Mboum (7 %), M’Baka (4 %) and Yakoma (4 %). Since the beginning of the current conflict, thousands of civilians have been killed, injured or displaced. While the increasingly sectarian nature of the violence has left both Christian and Muslim communities vulnerable to attacks by rival groups, the Muslim minority in particular has faced de facto ethnic cleansing. Over 80 % of the pre-conflict Muslim population has been driven out of the country, while in the capital Bangui the Muslim population has reduced from more than 100,000 to under 1,000. The Ba’Aka forest people are estimated at 8,000-20,000. There are also approximately 3,000 Bofi forest people and a third group, the Bayaka or Biaka, are estimated at 15,000. Many among these forest peoples still practice a hunter-gathering culture, while others have become agriculturalists. All face rampant official and everyday discrimination. Mboum exist on the margins of society, being described as very poor refugees. Mboum fled to present-day Central African Republic from highlands in Cameroon, to escape Mbororo (Fulbé) raids that had persisted into the twentieth century. 

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 3 % in the subregion Sub-Saharan Africa.

Persons in Armed Conflict

The Central African Republic ranks 6 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch

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