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Latin America and the Caribbean


Chile ranks 55 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.


Chile has a Workplace Index score of 2.5, a Marketplace Index score of 3.3 and a Community and Environment Index score of 3.3 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the following indigenous peoples are present in Chile: Mapuche, Aymara, Polynesian Rapanui of Easter Island and a few remaining survivors of several Fuegian nations, such as the Yamana and Qawasqar. The Yamana who live at Ukika, just north of Cape Horn, and the Qawasqar, who live on Wellington Island, are in a critical condition. In the north, Aymara communities have experienced many difficulties obtaining title to lands and have had problems with water rights. There is also a significant Jewish population in Santiago and a German minority as a result of pro-immigration policies in the nineteenth century. Some Arab migration took place during the early part of the twentieth century. There is a degree of intolerance towards smaller ethnic minority groups such as the Koreans, who have been migrating to Chile in increasing numbers in recent years. The Afro-Chilean population has received scant attention, partly because it is so small. 

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 1.9 % in the subregion Latin America and the Caribbean.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Chile ranks 144 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch

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