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Colombia

Latin America and the Caribbean

Women

Colombia ranks 101 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Children

Colombia has a Workplace Index score of 4.0, a Marketplace Index score of 2.9 and a Community and Environment Index score of 3.7 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the following minorities and indigenous peoples are present in Colombia: Wayúu. Raizales, Afro-Colombians, Arhuaco, Emberá, Kankuamo, Nukak and Tucano, Paé (Nasa) and Guambiano and U'wa. According to the 2005 Census, 3.4 % of the population belong to various indigenous peoples, 10.6 % are Afro-Colombian and 0.01 % are Roma. The National Administrative Department of Statistics recognizes 87 indigenous peoples but estimates are significantly higher, such as those presented by the National Indigenous Organization of Colombia, which recognises 102 indigenous peoples. Colombia also has the second largest Afro-descendant population in Latin America after Brazil.

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 1.9 % in the subregion Latin America and the Caribbean.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Colombia ranks 61 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch