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Costa Rica

Latin America and the Caribbean

Women

Costa Rica ranks 62 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Children

Costa Rica has a Workplace Index score of 3.3, a Marketplace Index score of 2.9 and a Community and Environment Index score of 3.1 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the following minorities and indigenous peoples are present in Costa Rica: Afro-Costa Ricans on the Caribbean Coast and small numbers of indigenous Costa Ricans in the southeast. Most of the latter live in twenty-two reserves established by the government. These  groups have historically been excluded from full participation in political and economic life. In addition, Nicaraguans have become a significant minority in the past two decades. They now constitute approximately 8 % of the population. Despite a generally favourable government policy towards Nicaraguans, most Costa Ricans hold negative stereotypes of these migrants that border on xenophobia. 

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 1.9 % in the subregion Latin America and the Caribbean.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Costa Rica ranks 149 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch