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Equatorial Guinea

Sub-Saharan Africa


Equatorial Guinea is not included in the Gender Inequality Index. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.


Equatorial Guinea has a Workplace Index score of 7.3, a Marketplace Index score of 6.5 and a Community and Environment Index score of 7.8 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the Fang ethnic group make up approximately 80 to 90 % of the population of Equatorial Guinea, chiefly in the mainland province of Río Muni (Mbini). The group divides itself into 60 clans. Important minorities include Fang not belonging to the privileged clan; Ndowe, a small group based on the mainland coast where contact with foreign traders goes back a century or more; Africans, holdovers from the tens of thousands (mainly Nigerian) labourers forced out in the 1970s; Fernandinos and land-owning and better-educated Creole people found mainly on the island of Bioko and targets of Nguema repression; and Bubi and Annobón peoples. Bubi, the second largest ethnic group in the country, were the original inhabitants of Bioko Island where the capital is located. Since the early 1990s there has been a self-determination movement amongst Bubi, and some have been subjected to arrest and ill treatment on the basis of their ethnicity. The approximately 2,500 people of the small island of Annobón, 670 kilometres south of Bioko, exist in great isolation, having no link to the outside world besides the twice-yearly visit of a supply vessel. Medical care is poor and schooling non-existent. 

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 3 % in the subregion Sub-Saharan Africa.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Equatorial Guinea ranks 44 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch

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