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Sub-Saharan Africa


Ethiopia ranks 125 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.


Ethiopia has a Workplace Index score of 5.5, a Marketplace Index score of 4.9 and a Community and Environment Index score of 7.1 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the main minority and religious communities in Ethiopia are Oromo 34.4 %, Amhara 27 %, Somali 6.2 %, Tigray 6.1 %, Sidama 4 %, Gurage 2.5 %, Welaita 2.3 %, Hadiya 1.7 %, Afar 1.7 %, Gamo 1.5 %, Gedeo 1.3 %, Siite 1.3 %, Kefficho 1.2 %, Kunama, Irob and others 8.8 %. In terms of minority and indigenous representation, Ethiopia is a diverse country made up of a federation of minority groups including ethnic, language, religious and regional minorities. The Ethiopian census lists more than 90 distinct ethnic groups in the country. More than 80 languages are spoken, with the greatest diversity found in the south-west. Amharic (a Semitic language), Oromo, Tigrinya and Somali are spoken by two-thirds of the population. About 43.5 % of the population adheres to Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity and 33.9 % to Islam. The remainder are Protestant, Roman Catholic or followers of traditional religions. Historically the Semitic, Amhara and Tigray peoples of the northern highlands have dominated political life in the region. They are largely Orthodox Christians, while most Muslims and followers of indigenous beliefs tend to live in lowland areas in the country’s south and east.

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 3 % in the subregion Sub-Saharan Africa.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Ethiopia ranks 11 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch

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