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Ghana

Sub-Saharan Africa

Women

Ghana ranks 135 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Children

Ghana has a Workplace Index score of 4.5, a Marketplace Index score of 5.3 and a Community and Environment Index score of 4.2 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the main ethnic groups in Ghana are Akan (47.5 %), Mole Dagbani (16.6 %), Ewe (13.9 %), Ga-Dangme (7.4 %), Gurma (5.7 %), Guan (3.7 %), Grusi (2.5 %), Mande (1.1 %) and others (1.4 %). The categories mask a complex diversity of more than 90 ethnic groups and sub-groups. For example, the Akan group includes (Asante) Ashanti, Fanti, Brono, Akyem, Akwapim, Kwahu, Denkyira, Wassa, Nzima and Sefwi among others. While the  ethnic communities have traditional homelands, internal migration has rendered these regions somewhat less relevant as ethnic communities have become intermingled throughout the country. For minority groups and those outside the recognized chieftancy system, access to land and political power is an ongoing concern.

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 3 % in the subregion Sub-Saharan Africa.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Ghana ranks 113 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch