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South-Eastern Asia and the Pacific


Indonesia ranks 121 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.


Indonesia has a Workplace Index score of 4.9, a Marketplace Index score of 5.0 and a Community and Environment Index score of 4.5 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the main minority groups of Indonesia are Sundanese, Malay, Batak, Madurese, Betawi, Minangkabau, Buginese, Bantenese, Banjarese, Balinese, Acehnese, Dayak, Sasak and Chinese. More than 85 % of Indonesians consider themselves to be Muslim, making Indonesia the largest Muslim nation in the world. Other religious groups include Hindus and Christians, and there are also smaller Muslim groups that are persecuted such as Ahmadi Muslims and members of Gerakan Fajar Nusantara (Gafatar). The island Papua is in addition home to some 800,000 indigenous people. The government recognizes the existence of peoples referred to as komunitas adat terpencil (geographically-isolated indigenous communities). According to the national indigenous civil society organisation Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara, there are between 50 – 70 million indigenous people in Indonesia, which is also linguistically extremely diverse.

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 3.4 % in the subregion South-Eastern Asia and the Pacific.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Indonesia ranks 99 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch

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