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Panama

Latin America and the Caribbean

Women

Panama ranks 94 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Children

Panama has a Workplace Index score of 3.1, a Marketplace Index score of 3.8 and a Community and Environment Index score of 2.7 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, eight indigenous communities make up 12.3 % of the population in Panama: Ngäbe (previously Guaymi), Buglé (also previously Guaymi), Kuna, Emberá (Chocó), Wounaan, Naso/Teribe, Bokota and Bri-Bri. Afro-Panamanians were estimated at 9.2 % in the 2010 census but other sources produce a significantly higher estimate (14.9 %). In addition to this the ethnic Chinese population is estimated at around 6 % of the total population.

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 1.9 % in the subregion Latin America and the Caribbean.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Panama ranks 139 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch