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Peru

Latin America and the Caribbean

Women

Peru ranks 87 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Children

Peru has a Workplace Index score of 4.2, a Marketplace Index score of 3.3 and a Community and Environment Index score of 3.7 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, Peru's indigenous population include the Achuar, Aguaruna, Asháninka, Shipibo, Huambisa, Quechua and Aymara, who together comprise 45 % of the population. However, there are in total 51 indigenous peoples. By far the most numerous are the highland Quechua. The Aymara population is concentrated in the southern highland region near Puno. Lowland indigenous groups include Achuar, Aguaruna, Asháninka, Huambisa, Quechua and Shipibo. Around 80 % of Peru’s inhabitants self-identify as indigenous or mestizo (mixed). Minority groups include Afro-Peruvians, and persons of Chinese (Tusan) and Japanese descent (Nikkei).

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 1.9 % in the subregion Latin America and the Caribbean.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Peru ranks 85 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch