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South-Eastern Asia and the Pacific


The Philippines ranks 104 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.


The Philippines has a Workplace Index score of 4.5, a Marketplace Index score of 3.2 and a Community and Environment Index score of 4.9 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the main minority groups in the Philippines are Tagalog, Bisaya/Binisaya, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, Bikol/Bicol and Waray. The vast majority of the population speak one of the approximately 171 languages native to the country. There are approximately 11.3 million indigenous people in the Philippines, amounting to 11-12 % of the population. However, some civil society estimates suggest they may number range between 10 and 20 % of the population. Indigenous peoples are often categorized by the geographic area where they reside. Those from the northern mountains of Luzon (Cordillera) are collectively known as Igorot, those on the southern island of Mindanao are collectively called Lumad and those in the central islands are referred to as Mangyan. More than 80 % of the population is Roman Catholic. Other religious groups include Protestants/Evangelicals, Muslims, Buddhists and Animists. The majority of Muslims live on the island of Mindanao as well as in Palawan and the Sulu archipelago. 

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 3.4 % in the subregion South-Eastern Asia and the Pacific.

Persons in Armed Conflict

The Philippines ranks 49 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch

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