Northern, Southern and Western Europe
Serbia ranks 35 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.
Serbia has a Workplace Index score of 3.4, a Marketplace Index score of 4.6 and a Community and Environment Index score of 3.6 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.
Persons with Disabilities
Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.
Minorities and Indigenous Peoples
According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the main minority groups in Serbia are Hungarians (3.9 %), Bosniaks (1.8 %), Roma (1.4 %), Yugoslavs (1.08 %), Croats (0.9 %), Montenegrins (0.9 %), Albanians (0.8 %), Slovaks (0.8 %) and Vlachs (0.5 %). The ethnic makeup varies considerably from region to region. Serbs are a Slavic people and they speak Serbian, a language known before the war as Serbo-Croat, the dialects of which did not conform to ethnic categories in the former Yugoslavia. Since the early 1990s regional politicians have prompted the differentiation of the common language into Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, and even Montenegrin ‘languages’, leading to some conscious linguistic changes along ethnic lines.
According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 18.4 % in the subregion Northern, Southern and Western Europe.
Persons in Armed Conflict
Serbia ranks 101 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch.