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Thailand

South-Eastern Asia and the Pacific

Women

Thailand ranks 80 out of 162 countries in the Gender Inequality Index, where a high rank equals high equality. Women should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Children

Thailand has a Workplace Index score of 3.8, a Marketplace Index score of 3.9 and a Community and Environment Index score of 3.9 in the Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, where countries receive scores between 0 and 10. A score closer to 0 reflects a need for basic children’s rights due diligence, while a higher score reflects a need for enhanced or heightened due diligence. Children should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though. 

Persons with Disabilities

Due to differences in data collection and definitions it is difficult to compare countries on disability prevalence rates. Persons with disabilities should always be considered as a particularly vulnerable group though.

Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

According to the World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, the following minorities and indigenous groups are present in Thailand: Thai Isan/Thai Lao, Chinese, Malay Muslims, Mon and Khmer, highland indigenous groups and indigenous sea nomads. In the 2010 census Thai ethnicity accounted for 95 % of the population, but the figure obscures the country's ethnic makeup and the history of ethnic Thai nationalism and assimilation. Smaller mountain-dwelling indigenous peoples such as the Akha, Hmong, Karen, Lahu, Lisu and Mein struggle to survive economically and culturally in the face of development projects, land ownership issues and the influx of ethnic Thais. 

Migrant Workers​

According to the ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers, migrant workers as a proportion of all workers is 3.4 % in the subregion South-Eastern Asia and the Pacific.

Persons in Armed Conflict

Thailand ranks 87 out of 179 countries in the Fragile States Index, where a high rank equals high fragility. For monthly crisis updates, check out CrisisWatch